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• To establish and maintain a harmonious relationship with all oral structures and to provide a masticatory apparatus that is efficient and esthetically acceptable.
• To ensure that all the effects of occlusal loading be distributed as evenly as possible to all supporting structures capable of receiving the force.
• To best control the undesirable effects of rotational or torquing forces on the prosthesis.
• To prevent any deflective contacts of the teeth during centric or eccentric closures as these can produce pathological changes in the supportive structures or in the neuromuscular mechanism that controls mandibular movement.
• Rest Vertical Dimension (RVD)
Is the distance measured when the mandible is in the rest position .
• Occlusal Vertical Dimension (OVD)
Is the distance measured when the occluding rims or teeth are in contact.
A 46 year-old man patient; cardiopathic; works as a doctor, consulted us for diseases at the masseter at the right side.
At the beginning; his first pre-occupation is to have implants, thinking that this will resolve diseases.
At the examination; he presents a complete edentulism at the maxillary; a clII Kennedy-Appelgathe; and a unilateral mastication.
We did some modifications on the old upper prostheses to ameliorate stabilization and retention; we also equilibrated occlusion because O.V.D was overestimated.
Meanwhile some extractions were performed on some roots of: 35, 36 and 37.
We examinated the situation more than one time; since ache has regressed; upper prostheses was redone by taking on the new O.V.D.
And eventually; the lower one was remade to keep once again the correct O.V.D.
For this case; the treatment lasted one year, to finally let the patient use his new prostheses for implant treatment as a surgical guide.
A 54 year old male nurse consulted our service at the Dental-clinic of Monastir for a habitual prosthetic treatment by complete dentures.
He complained of a local pain at the lower left side when palpating by the index finger.
Radiographic exam; didn’t show any abnormalities except a well- built-up ridge.
It was proved that the patient masticates on his ridges and has never got a prosthetic treatment.
His treatment was clearly to regain O.V.D. by a well-done temporary prosthese by making a roll of occlusion strengthened with metal.
And this temporary treatment will be used as a reference for the final restoration when disease regresses.
Various aspects presented by the dysfunctions of the masticatory system helped search the different factors that come into play in their etiologies. Probably age is one factor but it is not the only. Clinical aspect of the condition in its various aspects is by far the most important. It concerns the majority of the stages of construction and operation of a complete prosthetic rehabilitation. This treatment is proposed for a pain relief and optimized function but does not mean healing.
1. Batolloni R, Christensen LC.
L’esthétique en prothèse complète.
Art & Technique Dentaires 1998;6:311-7.
2. Berteretche MV, Hüe O.
Visage, esthétique et symétrie (Première partie).
Cah Proth 1996;93:16-24.
3. Burchett PJ, Christensen LC.
Estimating age and sex by using color, form and alignment of anterior teeth.
J Prosthet Dent 1988;59:175-179
4. Jaudoin P, Coutarel-Fond C, Millet C.
Aspects psychologiques de l’édentation totale.
Encycl Med Chir (Elsevier, Paris), Stomatologie, Odontologie, 23-325-B-
08, 1996, 4 p.
5. Lejoyeux J.
Prothèse complète. Tome II: diagnostic et traitement (3ème
Paris: Maloine, 1976.
6. Morchio S.
La prothèse complète: principes esthétiques et fonctions.
By Dr. Sawsan Nasreddine,Dr. Fida Sayah, Dr. Fady Kassir, and Pr. Mounir Doumit, of the Lebanese University, School of Dentistry
Discoloration of the tooth can erode the sparkle from a smile. There are many factors that contribute to tooth staining. It is important to understand that in some cases staining can be prevented but in others it cannot. There are two types of tooth discoloration: extrinsic which affects teeth from the outside and intrinsic which affects the teeth from the inside. The purpose of this article is to review literature on the etiologies and classification of tooth staining and discoloration. Key words: Etiology, classification, extrinsic discoloration, intrinsic discoloration
Introduction The appearance of the dentition is of concern to a large number of people seeking dental treatment and the color of the teeth is of particular cosmetic importance. Tooth discoloration is usually esthetically displeasing and p…
problem of inferior alveolar nerve involvement during surgical procedure of the
removal of lower third molars is often a source of litigations1,2,3.
At the same time the impact of this on a person’s quality of life should not be
or partial odontectomy reduces the likelihood of nerve injury by insuring
retention of the vital roots when they are close or associated with the
inferior alveolar nerve as evaluated by plain radiography or CBCT4,5.
method aims to remove only the crown part of an impacted mandibular third molar
while leaving the root and pulp undisturbed, thereby avoiding direct or
indirect damage to the inferior alveolar nerve6,7,8. Literature
so far has hailed its merits and many practitioners regularly use the approach
of coronectomy in order to minimise Inferior alveolar nerve injuries. This
technique got in lime light in last decade although r…
Abstract Salivary gland stones (Sialothiasis) most commonly occur in the Submandibular duct. This report describes the case of a patient who had an unusual large submandibular gland sialolith (calculus) that was completely obstructing the submandibular gland duct. Key words: Calculi, Giant salivary gland stones.
The great majority of salivary calculi (80%) occur in the submandibular gland and in the duct. Ten percent occur in the parotid and the remaining 10% in the sublingual gland and the minor salivar glands.1 Bilateral or multiple-gland sialolithiasis is occurring in fewer than 3% of cases.2 In patients with multiple stones, calculi may be located in different positions along the salivary duct and gland. Submandibular stones close to the hilum of the gland tend to become large before they become symptomatic. Sialolithiasis occurs equally on the right and left sides. Commonly, Sialolith…